List of wars involving Russia

List of wars involving Russia

Kievan Rus

DateConflictCombatant 1Combatant 2Result
830sPaphlagonian expedition of the Rus’Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireUnclear
860Rus’–Byzantine War (860)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireVictory
907Rus’–Byzantine War (907)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireVictory
920-1036Rus’-Pechenegs‘ campaignsKievan Rus’PechenegsDifferent results
941Rus’–Byzantine War (941)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireDefeat
964-965Sviatoslav‘s campaign against KhazarsKievan Rus’Khazar KhaganateVictory. Destruction of Khazar Khaganate.
967/968–971Sviatoslav’s invasion of BulgariaKievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireDefeat
981Rus’ raid on Czerwień TownsKievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of PolandVictory
987Rus’–Byzantine War (987)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireAgreement. Baptism of Vladimir and further Christianization of Kievan Rus’.
1018German–Polish War (1002–18)Kievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of PolandDefeat
1022Yaroslav the Wise‘s attack on BrestKievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of PolandDefeat
1024Rus’–Byzantine War (1024)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireDefeat
1043Rus’–Byzantine War (1043)Kievan Rus’ Byzantine EmpireDefeat
1055-1223Rus’-Cumans‘ campaignsKievan Rus’CumansDifferent results
1069, 1074, 1077Bolesław II the Generous‘s raids on Rus’Kievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of PolandDefeats
1076Bolesław II the Generous‘s raid on BohemiaPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland

Kievan Rus’

Přemyslovci erb.svg Duchy of BohemiaPolish victory
1092Ruthenian and Cuman raid on PolandKievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of PolandVictory
1101Ruthenian and Cuman raid on PolandKievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of PolandVictory
1120Ruthenian and Cuman raid on PolandKievan Rus’POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of PolandVictory
1139–1142Fights between Duchy of Masovia and Rus’Kievan Rus’Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Bolesław IV the CurlyVictory
1147Bolesław IV the Curly’s raid on Old PrussiansPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Bolesław IV the Curly

Kievan Rus’

Old PrussiansBolesław IV the Curly’s victory
1187Ruthenian raid on Lesser PolandAlex K Halych 2.svg Principality of HalychPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the JustVictory
1188–1189Béla III‘s military campaign against HalychAlex K Halych 2.svg Principality of HalychFlag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of HungaryDefeat
1189Casimir II the Just’s raid on HalychCoa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg Kingdom of Hungary

Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych

POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the JustDefeat
1205Roman the Great‘s raid on PolandAlex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the WhiteDefeat. Death of Roman the Great.
1207Leszek I the White’s raid on Rus’Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White

Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Konrad I of Masovia

Defeat
1213–1214, 1219, 1233–1234Andrew II’s military campaigns against HalychAlex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaFlag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of HungaryVictory. Hungarian retreat.
1214Leszek I the White’s raid on Volodymyr-VolynskyiAlex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White

Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary

Defeat
1218–1221Polish-Hungarian-Ruthenian WarAlex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaPOL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White

Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary

Victory
1223–1240Mongol invasion of Rus’
(see also List of Tatar and Mongol raids against Rus’)
Vladimir-Suzdal
Alex K Kyiv Michael 2.svg Kyiv
Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Galicia-Volhynia
Nowogród.svg Novgorod Republic
Smolensk
Turov and Pinsk
Rostov
Chernigov
Ryazan
Pereyaslavl
Mongol EmpireDefeat. Principalities of Russian State becoming vassals of the Mongol Golden Horde.

Grand Principality of Moscow (1480–1547)[edit]

ConflictCombatant 1Combatant 2Result
Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1368–72)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowCoat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of LithuaniaPrincipality of TverInconclusive
Battle of Shelon(July 14, 1471)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowNovgorod RepublicVictory
  • Novgorod was joined to the Principality of Moscow in 1478.
Great stand on the Ugra river
(8 October 1480)
Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowGolden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden HordeVictory
  • End of Mongol rule
Capture of Tver (1485) (ru)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowPrincipality of TverVictory
  • End of Principality of Tver
First Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1492-1494)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowCoat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of LithuaniaVictory
Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowFlag of Sweden.svg SwedenInconclusive
Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1500-1503)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowCoat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Victory
Russo-Kazan War (1505-07) (ru)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Khanate of KazanInconclusive
Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1507-1508)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowCoat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1512-1522)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1534-1537)Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of MoscowCoat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)[edit]

ConflictRussia (and its allies)Opponent(s)Result
Siege of Kazan
(1552)
Location: Tatarstan

Qolsharif and his students defend their madrassa and the Qolsharif mosque

RussiaFlag of the Kazan Khanate.svg KazanVictory
Tatar Rebellion
(1552–1556)
Location: Tatarstan
RussiaTatar rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ivan the Terrible’s Swedish War
(1554–1557)
Location: Karelia
Russia SwedenInconclusive
Russian conquest of Astrakhan
(1556)
Location: Astrakhan
RussiaAstrakhanVictory
Livonian War
(1558–1583)
Location: Northern Europe

Russia troops besiege Narva in 1558

Russia

Livonia

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation

Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway

Sweden

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania

(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
Astrakhan Expedition
(1568–1570)
Location: Astrakhan and Azov
RussiaOttoman Empire Turkey

Military flag of the Crimean Tatars.svg Crimea

Victory
  • Treaty of Constantinople (1570)
Ivan the Terrible’s Crimean War
(1570–1572)
Location: European Russia
RussiaAutonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Victory
  • Crimean invasion of Russia repelled
Russian conquest of Siberia
(1580–1762)
Location: Siberia

Yermak’s Conquest of Siberia

RussiaKhanate of Sibir (until 1598)
Native Siberians
Victory
Boris Godunov’s Swedish War
(1590–1595)
Location: Northern Europe
RussiaFlag of Sweden.svg SwedenVictory
Polish invasions of Russia
(1605–1618)
Location: Russia

The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612

Russia
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1609–1610)
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Poland–LithuaniaInconclusive
Bolotnikov Rebellion
(1606–1607)
Location: Russia

Bolotnikov’s battle with the Tsar’s army at Nizhniye Kotly near Moscow

RussiaRebels under Ivan BolotnikovVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ingrian War
(1610–1617)
Location: Russia

Depiction of Russian troops in 1611

RussiaFlag of Sweden.svg SwedenDefeat
Smolensk War
(1632–1634)
Location: Smolensk

Russian troops storm Smolensk

RussiaHerb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–LithuaniaDefeat
Alexis I’s Persian War
(1651–1653)
Location: North Caucasus
RussiaSafavid Flag.svg PersiaInconclusive
Sino–Russian border conflicts
(1652–1689)
Location: Heilongjiang and Amur

Russian fort under attack by Chinese troops

Russia
Cossacks
Qing dynasty China
Joseon Korea
Defeat
First Northern War
(1654–1667)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russia
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg Cossack Hetmanate
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania
Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea
Victory
Second Northern War
(1656–1658)
Location: Northern Europe

Russian troops besiege Riga in 1656

RussiaFlag of Sweden.svg SwedenInconclusive
Moscow Uprising
(1662)
Location: Moscow

Copper Riot in Moscow

RussiaMuscovite insurgentsVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
First Bashkir Rebellion
(1662–1664)
Location: Bashkortostan
RussiaBashkir rebelsInconclusive
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept Bashkir demands
Solovetsky Monastery Uprising
(1668–1676)
Location: Solovetsky Islands

Voivode Meshcherinov puts down the Solovki Rebellion

RussiaRaskol rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Razin’s Rebellion
(1670–1671)
Location: Russia

Razin’s rebels in Astrakhan

RussiaCossacks under Stepan RazinVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Feodor III’s Turkish War
(1676–1681)
Location: Ukraine
RussiaOttoman flag.svg Turkey
Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea
Indecisive[1]
First Streltsy Rebellion
(1682)
Location: Moscow

A scene from the uprising: The Streltsy take away Natalia Naryshkina‘s brother; young Peter the Great tries to console his mother, while Sophia watches the whole scene in satisfaction

RussiaStreltsy regimentsDefeat
Great Turkish War
(1683–1700)
Location: Eastern Europe

Russian troops capture Azov

Russia (from 1686)

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Austria

Poland–Lithuania

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate

Ottoman flag.svg Turkey

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea

Victory
Second Streltsy Rebellion
(1698)
Location: Russia

Execution of the Streltsy in Red Square

RussiaStreltsy regimentsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Great Northern War
(1700–1721)
Location: Europe

Russian troops assault the island fortress of Nöteborg

Russian troops capture Narva

Russia DenmarkDenmark–Norway

(1700, 1709–)

 Saxony

(1700–6, 1709–)

Poland–Lithuania

(1700–4, 1709–)

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)

 Prussia (1715–)

Province of Hanover Hanover (1715–)

 Great Britain (1717–19)

Sweden Sweden

Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp

Poland–Lithuania(1704–9)

Ottoman flag.svg Turkey (1710–4)

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)

 Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory
Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Turkey

Third Bashkir Rebellion
(1704–1711)
Location: Bashkortostan and Tatarstan
RussiaBashkir rebelsMilitary victory
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept some Bashkir demands
Bulavin Rebellion
(1707–1708)
Location: Southern Russia
RussiaFlag of Don Cossacks.svg Don Cossack rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Peter the Great’s Khivan War
(1717)
Location: Khiva
Russia KhivaDefeat
  • Russian invasion of Khiva repelled
Kazakh-Russian conflicts
(1717–1847)
Location: Kazakhstan
 Russia

Bashkirs
Cossack rebels

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz tribes
Khiva
Victory

Russian Empire (1721–1917)[edit]

ConflictRussia (and its allies)Opponent(s)Result
Persian Expedition of Peter the Great
(1722–1723)
Location: Caucasus and northern Iran
 Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate
Armenia
Georgia
Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Persia
 Turkey
Victory
War of the Polish Succession
(1733–1738)
Location: Poland and Rhineland

Depiction of the Siege of Danzig by Russian and Saxon forces in 1734

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under
Augustus III of Poland
Russian Empire Russia
 Austria
 Saxony
 Prussia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under
Stanisław Leszczyński
 France
 Spain
 Sardinia
Indecisive
Russo–Austro–Turkish War
(1735–1739)
Location: Eastern Europe
 Russia

Habsburg Monarchy Austria

 TurkeyVictory
Fourth Bashkir Rebellion
(1735–1740)
Location: Bashkortostan
 Russia
  • Russian Empire pro-Russian Bashkirs
Bashkir rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
  • Establishment of Orenburg
War of the Austrian Succession
(1740–1748)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Sardinia
 Prussia

(1740–42) (1744–45)

Spain Spain (1740–1746)

 France

Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)

 Saxony (1741–42)

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily

 Genoa

Sweden Sweden (1741–43)

Inconclusive

Victory against Sweden

Seven Years’ War
(1756–1763)
Location: Europe

Russian troops in Kolberg in 1761

 France

 Austria

 Spain

 Sweden

 Russia (1756–1762)

 Saxony

 Prussia

 Britain

Province of Hanover Hanover

Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Portugal

Hesse Hesse-Kassel

Schaumburg-Lippe

Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy

White peace
Koliyivshchyna Rebellion
(1768–1769)
Location: Ukraine

Camp of Haidamakas

 Russia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania
HaidamakyVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
War of the Bar Confederation
(1768–1772)
Location: Poland

The Bar Confederates pray before the Battle of Lanckorona

 RussiaKingdom of France France
Poland Bar Confederation
Victory
Catherine the Great’s First Turkish War
(1768–1774)
Location: Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Mediterranean

Destruction of the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma

 RussiaOttoman Empire TurkeyVictory
Pugachev’s Rebellion
(1773–1775)
Location: Russia

Russian Cossack troops march during the rebellion

 RussiaRebels under Yemelyan Pugachev
 Turkey
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Catherine the Great’s Second Turkish War
(1787–1792)
Location: Eastern Europe

Russian troops storm the fortress of Ochakov

 RussiaOttoman Empire TurkeyVictory
Catherine the Great’s Swedish War
(1788–1790)
Location: Finland, western Sweden and Baltic Sea

Russian fleet during the Battle of Vyborg Bay

 RussiaSweden SwedenInconclusive
Catherine the Great’s Polish War
(1792)
Location: Poland

Russian troops after the Battle of Zieleńce

 Russia
Targowica Confederation
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–LithuaniaVictory
Kościuszko Uprising
(1794)
Location: Poland
 Russia
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–LithuaniaVictory
Persian Expedition of Catherine the Great
(1796)
Location: North Caucasus and South Caucasus
 RussiaFlag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg PersiaWithdrawal
War of the Second Coalition
(1799–1802)
Location: Europe

Suvorov victorious at the Battle of Trebbia

 Austria

 Holy Roman Empire

 Britain

 Russia (until 1799)

Kingdom of France French Royalists

Portugal

 Two Sicilies

 Turkey

France France

 Spain

Denmark Denmark-Norway

Poland Polish Legions

French client states

Withdrawal (in 1799)
  • French victory in 1802
War of the Third Coalition
(1803–1806)
Location: Europe

Capture of a French regiment’s standard by the cavalry of the Russian Guards

 Austria

 Russia

 United Kingdom

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples

Portugal

 Sweden

France France

French client states

Defeat
Alexander I’s Persian War
(1804–1813)
Location: North Caucasus, South Caucasus and northern Iran

Russian troops storm the fortress of Lankaran

 RussiaFlag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg PersiaVictory
War of the Fourth Coalition
(1806–1807)
Location: Eastern and Central Europe
 Prussia

 United Kingdom

 Saxony

 Sweden

 Russia

Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily

France France

French client states

 Spain

Confederation of the Rhine

Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy

Kingdom of Naples Naples

Polish Legions

Defeat
Alexander I’s Turkish War
(1806–1812)
Location: Romania, Moldova, Caucasus and Black Sea

Russian Fleet after the Battle of Athos

 RussiaOttoman Empire TurkeyVictory
Finnish War
(1808–1809)
Location: Finland and Sweden
 RussiaSweden SwedenVictory
War of the Fifth Coalition
(1809)
Location: Central Europe
France France
Confederation of the Rhine
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Spain Spain
Warsaw
 Russia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily
 Sardinia
Victory (limited involvement)
French invasion of Russia
(1812)
Location: Russia

General Raevsky leading a detachment of the Russian Imperial Guard at the Battle of Saltanovka

 RussiaFrance France
French client states
Victory
  • French invasion repelled
  • Destruction of Napoleon’s Grand Army
War of the Sixth Coalition
(1813–1814)
Location: Europe

Russian Bashkir troops in Paris in 1814

 Austria
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
France France
French client states
Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition
(1815)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Russia
Province of Hanover Hanover
Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists
France France
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Victory
Caucasian War
(1817–1864)
Location: Caucasus

Imam Shamil surrenders to Russian forces

Russian Empire Russia
Mingrelia
Banner of Guria.svg Guria
Thirdimamateflag.svg Caucasian Imamate
Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia
Kabarda3.gif Big Kabarda (until 1825)
Flag of Abazinia.svg Abkhazian insurgents
Flag of the Lak People v2.svg Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free people
Khunz Wolf 3b.svg Avaria (1829–1859)
Geo svan.JPG Svaneti
Victory
Decembrist Revolt
(1825)
Location: Saint Petersburg

Decembrists at the Senate Square

Russian Empire RussiaDecembrist rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the revolt
Nicholas I’s Persian War
(1826–1828)
Location: South Caucasus and northern Iran

Russian and Persian troops clash near Elisabethpol

Russian Empire RussiaFlag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg PersiaVictory
Battle of Navarino

Location: Greece

Russian squadron bombarding the Ottoman fleet

 United Kingdom
France France
 Russia
 TurkeyVictory
Nicholas I’s Turkish War
(1828–1829)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus

Russian troops besiege Kars in 1828

 RussiaOttoman Empire TurkeyVictory
November Uprising
(1830–1831)
Location: Poland

Russian and Polish forces clash during the Battle of Ostrołęka

 RussiaPoland PolandVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Second Turko–Egyptian War
(1839–1841)
Location: Syria and Lebanon
United Kingdom Britain
Austrian Empire Austria
Russian Empire Russia
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt
France France
Spain Spain
Victory
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria
Russian conquest of Central Asia
(1839–1895)
Location: Central Asia

Russian troops cross the Oxus at Sheik Arik on 30 May 1873

Russian Empire RussiaKazakh Khanate.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Khiva
Bandera de Kokand.svg Kokand
Turkmen tribes
Kyrgyz tribes
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan
Victory
Gurian Rebellion
(1841)
Location: Georgia
Russian Empire RussiaGurian rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Shoorcha Rebellion
(1842)
Location: Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk
 RussiaTatar, Mari and Chuvash peasantsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
(1848–1849)
Location: Hungary

Hungarian troops surrender to the Russians at Világos

Austrian Empire Austria

Russian Empire Russia

1848as zaszlo.png Hungary

Flag of Poland.svg Polish legions
Flag of Germany.svg German legion
Viennese legion
Olasz légió zászló 1849 1.jpg Italian legion

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Crimean War
(1853–1856)
Location: Crimea, Balkans, Caucasus, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, White Sea and Far East

Russian troops and French zouaves engaged in hand-to-hand combat at Malakhov Kurgan

 Russia France
 Turkey
 Britain
 Sardinia
Defeat
Mahtra Rebellion
(1858)
Location: Estonia
Russian Empire RussiaEstonian peasantsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Bezdna Revolt
(1861)
Location: Tatarstan
RussiaPeasantsVictory
  • Crushing of the revolt
January Uprising
(1863–1864)
Location: Poland

Russian troops in Warsaw during the uprising

RussiaCoat of arms of the January Uprising.svg Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgentsVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Polish Rebellion in Siberia
(1866)
Location: Siberia
RussiaPolish political exilesVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Alexander II’s Turkish War
(1877–1878)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus

Russian crossing of the Danube in June 1877

Russia
Samara flag.png Bulgarian volunteers
Romania Romania
Serbia Serbia
 Montenegro
Ottoman Empire TurkeyVictory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899–1901)
Location: China

Russian officers in Manchuria during the rebellion

Eight-Nation Alliance: Japan
 United Kingdom
 Russia
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Italy
Righteous Harmony Society
 China
Victory
Russo-Japanese War
(1904–1905)
Location: Manchuria, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea

Russian cavalry in a reconnaissance mission during the Battle of Mukden

 Russia
 Montenegro
 JapanDefeat
Russian Revolution of 1905
(1905–1907)
Location: Russia

A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow

 Russia RevolutionariesVictory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Persian Constitutional Revolution
(1905–1911)
Location: Iran

Russian flag over Arg of Tabriz

Persia
 Russia (from 1906)
Iranian constitutionalistsVictory
First World War
(1914–1918)
Location: Europe and Asia

Russian troops going to the front

Attack of Russian cavalry

Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish

Allies: France
 United Kingdom
Russian Empire Russia (until March 1918)
 United States
Republic of China (1912–49) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Serbia
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil
Central Powers: Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Turkey
 Bulgaria
Defeat
Central Asian Revolt
(1916–1934)
Location: Central Asia

Soviet troops on Turkestan front in 1922

Russian Empire Russia (until 1917)
 Soviet Union(from 1917)
Basmachi
Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khiva
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Flag of Afghanistan (1929).svg Afghanistan
Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt

Russian SFSR (1917–1922)[edit]

ConflictRussia (and its allies)Opponent(s)Results
Russian Civil War
(1917–1922)
Location: former Russian Empire, Iran and Mongolia

Red Army troops attack Kronstadt sailors in March 1921

Soviet troops during the Battle of the Niemen River

Stalin, Voroshilov and Shchadenko in the trenches of Tsaritsyn

 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Mongolian Communists

Makhnovshchina
Left SR
Green armies

Russia White Movement

Newly emerged republics


Allied Intervention


Pro-German armies


Green armies (1920)


Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (1920–1921)


Tambov (1920–1921)
Kronstadt rebels
Left SR


Bandera del Turquestan.svg Basmachi
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Khiva


Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire


Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg Mongolia

Mixed

Soviet Union (1922–1991)[edit]

ConflictSoviet Union (and its allies)Opponent(s)Results
August Uprising
(1924)
Location: Georgia
 Soviet Union Committee for Independence of GeorgiaVictory
  • Consolidation of Soviet rule in Georgia
Sino-Soviet conflict
(1929)
Location: Manchuria

Soviet soldiers with captured Kuomintang banners

 Soviet Union ChinaVictory
  • Upholding of the provisions of 1924 agreement
Kumul Rebellion
(1931–1934)
Location: Xinjiang
Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union (from 1934)
Russian Empire White Movement
 China
Kumul Khanateloyalists

First East Turkestan Republic East Turkestan

Ceasefire
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
(1932–1941)
Location: Primorsky, Mongolia and Manchuria

Soviet BT-7 tanks on the offensive

 Soviet Union
 Mongolia
 Japan
 Manchukuo
Victory
Kazym Rebellion
(1933)
Location: Siberia
 Soviet UnionKhanty rebelsVictory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang
(1937)
Location: Xinjiang

Soviet forces in southern Xinjiang

Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union
Russian Empire White Movement
 ChinaVictory
  • Establishment of the rule of Sheng Shica’s regime over the whole territory of Xinjiang
Second World War
(1939–1945)
Location: Asia, Europe and Africa

Soviet marines landing on the west bank of the Volga River

Soviet PTRD anti-tank rifle team during the fighting

Soviet artillery bombarding German positions during the Battle of the Seelow Heights

Allies
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 British Malaya
 British Burma
 British India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Mongolia
 Philippines
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA
Axis powers
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Italian Social Republic
Vichy France Vichy France
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Iraq
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Croatia
 Slovakia
Myanmar Burma
India Azad Hind
 Kampuchea
Laos Laos
Vietnam
 Philippines
Russian Empire White Movement
 Albania
Victory
Ukrainian Insurgent Army Insurgency
(1942–1949)
Location: Ukraine

Roman Shukhevych, the leader of the UPA

 Soviet Union
Poland Poland
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia

 Nazi Germany (1943–1944)


Polish Underground State

Ukrainian Insurgent ArmyVictory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
Ili Rebellion
(1944–1949)
Location: Xinjiang
Second East Turkestan Republic East TurkestanTaiwan Republic of ChinaCeasefire
Insurgency in the Baltic states
(1944–1956)
Location: Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia

Famous Estonian partisan fighter Ants “Ants the Terrible” Kaljurand

 Soviet Union Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
Guerilla war in Poland
(1944–1963)
Location: Poland

‘Cursed soldiers’ of the anti-communist underground

 Soviet Union
Polish People’s Republic
Polish Underground StateVictory
Korean War
(1950–1953)
Location: North Korea and South Korea

A Soviet MiG-15 in North Korean markings. The arrival of MiGs challenged UN air superiority in Korea

 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 United Nations
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
Stalemate
Vorkuta Uprising
(1953)
Location: Vorkuta
 Soviet UnionVorkuta Gulag inmatesVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
East German Uprising
(1953)
Location: East Germany

A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig on 17 June 1953

 Soviet Union
East Germany East Germany
East German demonstratorsVictory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Hungarian Revolution
(1956)
Location: Hungary

Soviet T-54 tanks in Budapest

 Soviet Union
Hungary ÁVH
RevolutionariesVictory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
(1968)
Location: Czechoslovakia

Soviet tanks with invasion stripes in Czechoslovakia

 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
 East Germany
Hungary
Poland
CzechoslovakiaVictory
Sino-Soviet border conflict
(1969)
Location: Sino-Soviet border
 Soviet Union ChinaInconclusive[5]
Tactical victory[6]
War of Attrition
(1967–1970)
Location: Egypt

Soviet S-125 anti-aircraft type missiles in the Suez Canal vicinity

 Egypt
 Soviet Union (from 1969)
 IsraelInconclusive
  • Both sides claimed victory
  • Continuation of Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence
(1974–1991)
Location: Eritrea
Ethiopia Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
ELF
EPLF
Withdrawal (in 1990)
Political defeat
  • Eritrean victory in 1991
  • Fall of the communist government in Ethiopia
  • Independence of Eritrea
Angolan Civil War
(1975–2002)
Location: Angola

Soviet and Cuban military advisors with MPLA troops in Angola

MPLA
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
Flag of South West Africa People's Organisation.svg SWAPO
African National Congress Flag.svg MK
 South Africa
UNITA
FNLA
FLEC
Withdrawal (in 1991)
Ethio-Somali War
(1977–1978)
Location: Ogaden
Ethiopia
 Cuba
 South Yemen
 Soviet Union
Somalia Somalia
WSLF
Victory
Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan
(1979–1989)
Location: Afghanistan

A Soviet Spetsnaz group prepares for a mission in Afghanistan

 Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghan MujahideenStalemate[7]
Political defeat
Jeltoqsan
(1986)
Location: Kazakhstan
 Soviet UnionKazakhstan Kazakh protestersInconclusive
Political defeat
Black January
(1990)
Location: Azerbaijan

Soviet paratroopers in Baku in 1990

 Soviet UnionAzerbaijan Popular Front of AzerbaijanInconclusive
Political defeat

Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

ConflictRussia (and its allies)Opponent(s)Result
Georgian Civil War
(1991–1993)
Location: Georgia
Georgia (country) Georgia
 Russia
Georgia (country) ZviadistsVictory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed
War in Abkhazia
(1991–1993)
Location: Abkhazia
 Russia
 Abkhazia
 GeorgiaVictory
  • Abkhazia gained de facto independence
Transnistria War
(1992)
Location: Transnistria

PMR trucks on the bridge between Tiraspol and Bendery

 Transnistria
 Russia
 MoldovaVictory
  • Transnistria gained de facto independence
East Prigorodny Conflict
(1992)
Location: North Ossetia-Alania
 Russia
North Ossetia-Alania North Ossetia-Alania[8]
Ingush militiaVictory
Tajikistani Civil War
(1992–1997)
Location: Tajikistan

Russian Spetsnaz troops dismount a tank during the war

 Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
Flag of Jihad.svg United Tajik Opposition
Afghanistan Taliban factions
Stalemate
Russian Constitutional Crisis
(1993)
Location: Russia

Tanks of the Taman Division shell the Russian White House on 4 October 1993

 RussiaRussia Supreme Soviet of Russia
Russia Congress of People’s Deputies of Russia
Russia Vice President of Russia
RussiaRussiaFlag RNU.svg Russian EmpireSoviet Union[note 1] Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy
Victory
  • Imposition of Presidential rule by decree
  • Supreme Soviet, Congress, regional and local Soviets disbanded
  • Parliamentary election and constitutional referendum held in 1993
First Chechen War
(1994–1996)
Location: Chechnya

A Chechen militiaman takes cover behind a burned-out Russian BMP-2 armoured vehicle

 Russia
  • Chechnya Chechen Opposition
Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Mujahideen
Defeat[9]
War of Dagestan
(1999)
Location: Dagestan

Russian federal Spetsnaz forces in Dagestan

 Russia IIPBVictory
Second Chechen War
(1999–2009)
Location: Chechnya

Russian artillery shell militant positions near the village of Duba-Yurt

 RussiaFlag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Caucasian Front
Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War
(2008)
Location: Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia
Tank-like vehicle with soldiers aboard

Russian BMP-2 from the 58th Army in South Ossetia

 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 GeorgiaVictory
Insurgency in the North Caucasus
(2009–present)
Location: North Caucasus

FSB Spetsnaz members during an anti-terrorist operation in Mskhachkala, Dagestan

 Russia Caucasus Emirate

 ISIL (from 2015)

Ongoing
  • Ongoing low-level insurgency
Russian military intervention in Ukraine
(2014–present)
Location: Ukraine and Crimea

Pro-Russian militants with captured vehicles in Sloviansk

 Russia
 Donetsk
 Luhansk
 UkraineOngoing
Russian military intervention in Syria
(2015–present)
Location: Syria

Preparation of an aircraft of the Russian Air Force for combat sorties in Syria

 Russia
Syria
 Iran
 Iraq
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
 ISIL

Tahrir al-Sham


Syrian Opposition

Ongoing

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