List of wars involving the United States

List of wars involving the United States History of U.S. expansion and influence

 

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783)Location: Eastern North America, Gibraltar, British India, Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic

The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, which began negotiations between Great Britain and the United States.

 United States
Kingdom of France France
Spain Spain Iroquois

Watauga Association
Catawba
Lenape
Choctaw


 Netherlands


 Great Britain
Loyalists
Holy Roman Empire German Auxiliaries
Iroquois

Cherokee

Victory
Chickamunga War
(1776–1795)Location: Old Southwest

Abduction of Daniel Boone’s daughter by the Cherokee

 United States Cherokee Victory
Northwest Indian War
(1785–1793)Location: Northwest Territory
 United States
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Western ConfederacyKingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Victory
Shays’ Rebellion
(1786–1787)Location: Massachusetts
 United States Anti-Government Protesters Victory
Whiskey Rebellion
(1791–1794)Location: Western Pennsylvania

George Washington reviews troops before their march to suppress the rebellion in western Pennsylvania.

 United States Frontier tax protesters Victory
  • Armed resistance eliminated.
  • Minor tax evasion
Quasi-War
(1798–1800)
Part of the French Revolutionary WarsLocation: Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean

USS Constellation vs. L’Insurgente

 United StatesCo-belligerent:
 Great Britain
France France

Co-belligerent:
Spain Spain

Indecisive
  • Peaceful cessation of Franco-American alliance
  • End of French privateer attacks on American shipping
  • American neutrality and renunciation of claims against France

18th century wars

19th century wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and/or its Allies
First Barbary War
(1801–1805)
Part of the Barbary WarsLocation: Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tripoli.

Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon at Derna, April 1805.

 United States
 Sweden
border=no Eyalet of TripolitaniaMorocco Sultanate of Morocco Victory
  • Peace treaty
1811 German Coast Uprising
(1811)Location: Territory of Orleans
 United States Rebel slaves
Supported by:
Haiti Haiti
Victory
  • Suppression and later trials
Tecumseh’s War
(1811)Location: Northwest River Ohio

The Battle of Tippecanoe

 United States Tecumseh’s Confederacy Victory
  • Peace treaty
War of 1812
(1812–1815)Location: Eastern and Central North America

General Andrew Jackson stands on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders, by painter Edward Percy Moran in 1910.

 United States
Choctaw
Cherokee Nation
Creek Allies
 United Kingdom

Tecumseh’s Confederacy
Spain Spain (1814)

StalemateTreaty of Ghent; Status quo ante bellum with no boundary changes
Creek War
(1813–1814)
Location: Southern United States

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, 1814

 United States
Lower Creeks
Cherokee Nation
Choctaw
Red Stick Creek Victory
Second Barbary War
(1815)
Part of the Barbary WarsLocation: Mediterranean Sea and the Barbary states.

Decatur’s Squadron off Algiers.

 United States Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Regency of Algiers Victory
  • Peace treaty
First Seminole War
(1817–1818)Location: Pensacola, Florida

Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay.

 United States Seminole

Spain Spanish Florida

Victory
Texas-Indian wars
(1820–1875)Location: Texas

A Kiowa ledger drawing depicting a battle between Southern Plains Indians and the U.S. Army during the Red River War.

 Spain

 Mexico


 Republic of Texas
 United States

Comanche Victory
Arikara War
(1823)Location: Missouri River
 United States Arikara Victory
Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations
(1825–1828)Location: Off Greece, Aegean Sea

Greek pirate boats attacking the HMS Comet.

 United States First Hellenic Republic Greek Pirates Victory
  • Defeat of Greek pirates
  • HMS Comet liberated by American forces
  • Message of thanks issued to Louis Goldsborough from the British government
Winnebago War
(1827)Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory
 United States Prairie La CrosseHo-Chunks
with a few allies
Victory
  • Ho-Chunks cede lead mining region to the United States
First Sumatran expedition
(1832)Location: Aceh Sultanate

U.S. Infantry assaulting the Acehnese forts at Kuala Batu in 1832.

 United States
 Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee Victory
Black Hawk War
(1832)Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory

Native women and children fleeing the Battle of Bad Axe.

 United States
Ho-Chunk
Menominee
Dakota
Potawatomi
Black Hawks British Band
Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi allies
Victory
Second Seminole War
(1835–1842)Location: Florida, United States

U.S. Marines search for Seminoles in the Everglades

 United States Seminole Victory
Second Sumatran expedition
(1838)Location: Aceh Sultanate
 United States
 Netherlands
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee Victory
Mexican–American War
(1846–1848)Location: Texas, New Mexico, California, and Mexico

2nd Dragoons charge the enemy at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, 1846.

 United States
California Republic
 Mexico Victory
Cayuse War
(1847–1855)Location: Oregon
 United States Cayuse Victory
Apache Wars
(1851–1900)Location: Southwestern United States

US Cavalry dash for cover while fighting Apaches, by F. Remington

 United States Apache
Ute
Yavapai
Victory
Puget Sound War
(1855–1856)Location: Washington
 United States
Snoqualmie
Nisqually
Muckleshoot
Puyallup
Klickitat
Haida
Tlingit
Victory
First Fiji Expedition
(1855)Location: Fiji
 United States Fiji Victory
Rogue River Wars
(1855–1856)Location: Rogue Valley
 United States Rogue River people Victory
  • Indians relocated to Siletz, Grand Ronde, and Coast Reservations
Third Seminole War
(1855–1858)Location: Pensacola, Florida
 United States Seminole Victory
Yakima War
(1855–1858)Location: Washington Territory

Seattleites evacuate to the town blockhouse as USS Decatur opens fire on advancing tribal forces.

 United States
Snoqualmie
Yakama
Walla Walla tribe
Umatilla tribe
Nez Perce tribe
Cayuse tribe
Victory
  • Peace treaty
Second Opium War
(1856–1859)Location: China

Palikao’s bridge, on the evening of the battle, by Émile Bayard

United Kingdom British Empire
France French Empire
 United States
Flag of the Qing dynasty (1889-1912).svg Qing dynasty Victory
Utah War
(1857–1858)Location: Utah Territory and Wyoming
 United States Deseret / UtahMormons (Nauvoo Legion) Resolution
  • Resolution through negotiation
  • Brigham Young replaced as governor of the territory
  • Full amnesty for charges of sedition and treason issued to the citizens of Utah Territory by President James Buchanan on the condition that they accept American Federal authority
Navajo Wars
(1858–1866)Location: New Mexico

Fort Defiance

 United States Navajo Victory
Second Fiji Expedition
(1859)Location: Fiji
 United States Fiji Victory
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry
(1859)Location: West Virginia

Harper’s Weekly illustration of U.S. Marines attacking John Brown’s “Fort” Teresa Baine

 United States Abolitionist Insurgents Victory
First and Second Cortina War
(1859–1861)Location: Texas and Mexico
United States United States

Confederate States of America Confederate States

Mexico Mexican Paramilitary Forces Victory
Paiute War
(1860)Location: Pyramid Lake, Nevada
 United States Paiute
Shoshone
Bannock
Victory
American Civil War
(1861–1865)Location: United States

The Battle of Antietam, by Kurz & Allison.

 United States  Confederate States Victory
Yavapai Wars
(1861–1875)Location: Arizona
 United States Yavapai
Apache
Yuma
Mohave
Victory
Dakota War of 1862
(1862)Location: Minnesota and Dakota

The Siege of New Ulm, Minnesota on August 19, 1862

 United States Dakota Sioux Victory
Colorado War
(1863–1865)Location: Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska
 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Sioux
Victory
Shimonoseki War
(1863–1864)Location: Kanmon Straits

Capture of a Choshu battery at Shimonoseki by British sailors and marines.

 British Empire
 Dutch Empire
France French Empire
 United States
border=no Chōshū Domain Victory
  • Chōshū pays an indemnity of $3,000,000.
Snake War
(1864–1868)Locations: Oregon, Nevada, California, and Idaho
 United States Paiute
Bannock
Shoshone
Victory
Powder River War
(1865)Location: Powder River State
 United States Sioux
Cheyenne
Arapaho
Inconclusive
Red Cloud’s War
(1866–1868)Location: Powder River State

The Fetterman Massacre

 United States Lakota
Cheyenne
Arapaho
Defeat
Formosa Expedition
(1867)Location: Southern Formosa

US Marines and Sailors attack Formosan pirates.

 United States Paiwan aboriginals Indecisive
  • Formosan retreat
  • American withdrawal
Comanche Campaign
(1867–1875)Location: Western United States

Battle of Beecher Island. One soldier and three horses have fallen, while others continue to wage the battle.

 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Comanche
Kiowa
Victory
United States expedition to Korea
(1871)Location: Ganghwado

American forces after capturing the Deokjin Fort during the Battle of Ganghwa in 1871.

 United States Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Victory
Modoc War
(1872–1873)Location: California and Oregon

Engraving of soldiers recovering the bodies of the slain May 3, 1873.

 United States Modoc Victory
Red River War
(1874–1875)Location: Texas
 United States Cheyenne
Arapaho
Comanche
Kiowa
Victory
  • End to the Texas-Indian Wars
Las Cuevas War
(1875)Location: Texas and Mexico

Texan soldiers.

 United States Mexican militia Victory
  • Cattle returned to Texas
Great Sioux War of 1876
(1876–1877)Location: Montana, Dakota and Wyoming

Custer’s last stand at Little Bighorn.

 United States Lakota
Dakota
Northern Cheyenne
Arapaho
Victory
  • Legal control of Powder River Country ceded to the United States
Buffalo Hunters’ War
(1876–1877)Location: Texas and Oklahoma
 United States Comanche
Apache
Victory
Nez Perce War
(1877)Location: Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana

Chief Joseph’s band in the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain

 United States Nez Perce
Palouse
Victory
Bannock War
(1878)Location: Idaho, Oregon, and Wyoming
 United States Bannock
Shoshone
Paiute
Victory
Cheyenne War
(1878–1879)Location: Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and Montana

Aftermath of the Battle of “The Pit.”

 United States Cheyenne Victory
Sheepeater Indian War
(1879)Location: Idaho
 United States Shoshone Victory
Victorio’s War
(1879–1881)Location: Mexico
 United States
 Mexico
Apache Victory
White River War
(1879–1880)Location: Colorado
 United States Ute Victory
Pine Ridge Campaign
(1890–1891)Location: South Dakota

Mass grave for the dead Lakota after the conflict at Wounded Knee Creek.

 United States Sioux Victory
Garza Revolution
(1891–1893)Location: Texas and Mexico

3rd Cavalry Troopers searching a suspected Revolutionist, 1892

 Mexico
 United States
Garzistas Victory
Rio de Janeiro Affair
(1894)Location: Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Cruiser Detroit in the Guanabara Bay during the revolt

 United States Empire of Brazil Brazilian mutineers Victory
  • End of rebel blockade
  • Rio de Janeiro reopened to American commerce
Yaqui Wars
(1896-1918)Location: Arizona and Mexico

10th Cavalry soldiers holding Yaqui prisoners at their camp in Bear Valley, January 9, 1918.

 United States
Mexico Mexico
Flag of the Yaqui tribe.png Yaqui
Pima
Opata
Victory
Second Samoan Civil War
(1898–1899)Location: Samoa

Samoan warriors and American servicemen during the Siege of Apia in March 1899.

Samoa
 United States
Mataafans
 Germany
Compromise
Spanish–American War
(1898)Location: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Guam

Teddy Roosevelt and the “Rough Riders” charge Spanish positions during the Battle of San Juan Hill.

 United States
 Cuba
Philippines Flag Original.svg Philippine Republic
Katipunan
Spain Spain: Victory
Philippine–American War
(1899–1902)Location: Philippines

Maj. Gen. Arthur MacArthur observing the Battle of Caloocan, 1899.

 United States  First Philippine Republic
Katagalugan flag.svg Tagalog Republic
First Philippine Republic Pulajanes
 Sulu Sultanate
Sulu Sultanate Moro
Republic of Zamboanga
Republic of Negros
Victory
Moro Rebellion
(1899–1913)Philippines

The 8th Infantry Regiment defeat the Moros in the four-day battle of Bagsak Mountain on Jolo Island in the Philippines.

 United States Moro
Remnants of the Sulu Sultanate
Victory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899–1901)Location: China

Corporal Titus, of the 14th Infantry Regiment, scaling the walls of Peking.

British Empire United Kingdom
 Russia
 Japan
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Italy
 Austria-Hungary
Righteous Harmony Society (Boxers)
 China
Victory
  • The rebellion was suppressed
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing

20th century wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and/or its Allies
Crazy Snake Rebellion
(1909)Location: Oklahoma

Creek prisoners of war.

 United States Creek Victory
Border War
(1910–1919)
Part of the Mexican RevolutionLocation: Mexico–United States border

American troops of the 16th Infantry Regiment rest for the night on 27 May 1916

 United States Mexican Carrancistas
Mexico Villista Rebels
Victory
Negro Rebellion
(1912)
Part of the Banana WarsLocation: Cuba

USS Mississippi in Cuba

Cuba Cuba
 United States
Cuba Cuban PIC Victory
  • Rebellion suppressed
  • Dissolution of the PIC
Occupation of Nicaragua.
(1912–1933)
Part of the Banana WarsLocation: Nicaragua

US Marines holding a captured Sandinista flag.

 United States
 Nicaragua
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaraguan Liberals
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Sandinistas
Victory
  • Nicaragua occupied until 1933.
  • Great Depression marked US withdrawal in 1933.
  • Change of regime in Nicaragua.
Bluff War
(1914–1915)Location: Utah and Colorado

Prisoners of the Bluff War in Thompson, Utah, waiting to board a train for their trial in Salt Lake City.

 United States Ute
Paiute
Victory
Occupation of Haiti.
(1915–1934)
Part of the Banana WarsLocation: Haiti

2nd Marine Regiment in Haiti

 United States
Haiti Haiti
Haiti Haitian Rebels Victory
  • Haiti occupied
Sugar Intervention
(1916–1918)
Part of the Banana WarsLocation: Cuba
Cuba Cuba
 United States
Cuba Liberal Party of Cuba Victory
  • Uprising quelled.
Occupation of the Dominican Republic
(1916–1924)
Part of the Banana WarsLocation: Dominican Republic

US Marines in the Occupation of the Dominican Republic.

 United States Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Victory
  • Dominican Republic occupied
World War I
(1917–1918)Location: Europe, Africa, Asia, Middle East, the Pacific Islands, and coast of North and South America

Two US troops pass by dead German soldiers on a battlefield.

 France
 United Kingdom
 Russia
 United States
Republic of China (1912–49) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
Arab Revolt Hejaz
 Serbia
 Montenegro
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria
Victory
Russian Civil War
(1918–1920)
Location: Russia, Mongolia, and Iran

US troops march through Russia before the Battle of Romanovka.

Russia White movement
United Kingdom British Empire

 Japan
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 Poland
 United States
France France
 Romania
 Serbia
 Italy
Republic of China (1912–49) China

 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Latvian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
Commune of Estonia
Mongolian communists
Defeat
Posey War
(1923)Location: Utah

Ute and Paiute prisoners of war.

 United States Ute
Paiute
Victory
World War II
(1941–1945)Location: Europe, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Mediterranean, North Africa, North and South America

U.S. Army Soldiers advancing at dawn in the cover of a M4 Sherman tank, during the Battle of Bougainville, 1944.

 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Mongolia
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Philippines
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
Mexico Mexico
 Ethiopia
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Croatia
 Slovakia
 Albania
Victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)
Part of the Cold WarLocation: Korea

American soldiers in the Korean war with the Browning M1919A6 LMG.

 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Belgium
Canada
Philippines
 Colombia
 Cuba
Ethiopia
Greece
 Japan
 Luxembourg
Netherlands
 New Zealand
South Africa
 Thailand
 Turkey
 Taiwan
 Guatemala
 El Salvador
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 Mongolia
Stalemate
  • North Korean invasions of South Korea repelled
  • Subsequent United Nations invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Subsequent Chinese-North Korean-Soviet invasion of South Korea repelled
  • Korean Armistice Agreement. Although this ended the actual fighting in the Korean Peninsula, the war is not (technically) over because a peace treaty was never signed
Lebanon Crisis
(1958)
Location: Lebanon

US Marine sits in a foxhole and points his machine gun toward Beirut.

Lebanon Lebanon
 United States
Lebanon Lebanese Opposition: Victory
Bay of Pigs Invasion
(1961)
Part of the Cold WarLocation: Cuba
 United States
Cuba CDRF
Cuba Cuba Defeat
  • Invasion of Cuba suppressed
  • Failed Castro assassination
Simba Rebellion
(1964)
Part of the Cold WarLocation: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Léopoldville
 Belgium
 United States
Simba rebels Victory
  • Rebellion defeated.
Dominican Civil War
(1965–1966)
Location: Dominican Republic

US soldiers arrive in the Dominican Republic.

border=no United States
Brazil Brazil
 Honduras
 Paraguay
 Nicaragua
 Dominican Republic Victory
Vietnam War
(1965–1973[a], 1975[b])
Part of the Cold War and Indochina WarsLocation: Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos

1st Cavalry Division, Battle of Ia Drang, 1965.

 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Thailand
 Philippines
Cambodia Khmer Republic
border=no Kingdom of Laos
 North Vietnam
Viet Cong Viet Cong
border=no Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 China
Defeat
Communist insurgency in Thailand
(1965–1983)Location: Thailand
 Thailand
 Taiwan (until 1967)
 United States
 Malaysia
Communist Party of Thailand
weapons and advisors:
 North Vietnam (until 1976)
 Vietnam (from 1976)
 Soviet Union
China People Republic of China (1971–1978)
Laos Pathet Lao[4]
[5]
Malayan Communist Party
border=no Khmer Rouge (until 1978)[4]
[5]
 North Korea[5]
Victory
  • Defeat of communist insurgents.
Korean DMZ Conflict
(1966-1969)Location: Korean Demilitarized Zone
South Korea
 United States
 North Korea Victory
Shaba II
(1978)Location: Zaire
(present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo)
 Zaire
 France
 Belgium
 United States
State of Katanga Front for the National Liberation of the Congo Victory
Multinational Force in Lebanon
(1982-1984)
Part of the Lebanese Civil WarLocation: Lebanon

USS New Jersey fires a salvo from her 16-inch guns during a 1984 deployment off Beirut.

 Italy
 United States
 France
 United Kingdom
Islamic Jihad Organization
Iran Iran
 Syria
Progressive Socialist Party
Amal Movement
Victory
Invasion of Grenada
(1983)
Part of the Cold WarLocation: Grenada

American soldiers in mortar positions in Grenada.

 United States
Caribbean Peace Force:
 Barbados
 Jamaica
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Grenada PRG of Grenada
 Cuba
Military advisors:
Victory
  • Military dictatorship of Hudson Austin deposed
  • Defeat of Cuban military presence
  • Restoration of Constitutional Government
Tanker War
(1987–1988)Location: Persian Gulf

Iranian frigate Sahand after being attacked by U.S. aircraft.

United States United States Iran Iran Victory
Invasion of Panama
(1989–1990)Location: Panama

U.S. troops prepare to take a neighborhood in Panama City, December 1989.

 United States  Panama Victory
Gulf War
(1990–1991)Location: Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Israel

M1 Abrams tanks of the 3rd Armored Division advance on Medina Ridge.

 Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Qatar
 Bahrain
 United Arab Emirates
 Oman
 Bangladesh
Iraq Victory
Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)
Location: Somalia

US Marines on patrol in Somalia.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Spain
 Saudi Arabia
 Malaysia
 Pakistan
 Italy
 India
 Greece
 Germany
 France
 Canada
 Botswana
 Belgium
 Australia
Somalia Somali National Alliance Withdrawal
  • Failure to capture SNA leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
  • Contribution to UN humanitarian mandate, which saved around 100,000 lives.
  • Withdrawal of American forces.
  • Civil war is ongoing.
Intervention in Haiti
(1994–1995)Location: Haiti

US troops arrive in Haiti.

 United States
 Poland
 Argentina
 Haiti Victory
Bosnian War
(1994–1995)
Part of the Yugoslav WarsLocation: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Russian and American troops on a joint patrol around the Bosnian town of Zvornik on the afternoon of 29 February 1996.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Herzeg-Bosnia
 Croatia


 United States
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom

 Republika Srpska
YPA
 Serbian Krajina
Western Bosnia
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia
Victory
  • Dayton Accords
  • Internal partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Dayton Accords
  • Deployment of NATO-led IFOR to oversee the peace agreement
  • Massive civilian casualties for the Bosniak ethnic group
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
Part of the Yugoslav WarsLocation: Serbia

Bombing in Kosovo.

KLA
Albania AFRK
 Albania
 Croatia
 United States
 Belgium
 Canada
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Hungary
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Poland
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom

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