Making Sense of the Russian Naval Task Force Off the Coast of Syria List of active Russian Navy ships

Making Sense of the Russian Naval Task Force Off the Coast of Syria  List of active Russian Navy ships

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The AngloZionst Empire’s propaganda machine, otherwise known as the corporate media, has had great difficulties deciding what it should say about the Russian naval task force which has been sent to Syria.

The Americans have decided to express their usual contempt for anything Russian and describe this force as centered on the “geriatric” aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, while the Brits chose to describe it as a formidable “armada” about to completely obliterate the moderate terrorists in Syria.

My friend Alexander Mercouris has recently written a superb analysis explaining that, in reality, this task force was neither geriatric nor that formidable.  Rather than repeating it all here, I prefer to write what I will consider a follow-up to this excellent piece with a few more details added to it.  The first step will be to debunk a few fundamental misconceptions.

Let’s begin by the Russian aircraft carrier.

 

The “Heavy Aircraft-Carrying Cruiser Admiral of the Soviet Fleet Kuznetsov”

Did you know that the Russian don’t even call the Admiral Kuznetsov an aircraft carrier.  The official designation of the Kuznetsov is “Heavy Aircraft-Carrying Cruiser”.  It is important to understand why.

What is, in your opinion, an aircraft carrier?  Or, let me put it this way, why does the United States maintain a force of 10-12 heavy aircraft carriers?  If you believe Ronald Reagan, it is to “forward deploy” and bring the war to the Soviets (that was, then, the rationale for a 600 ship navy and US carriers in the northern Atlantic).

Nothing could be further from the truth.  The reality is that US, British, French aircraft carriers are a colonial rule enforcement tool.  You park one or two aircraft carrier battle groups a few hundred miles from a disobedient country, and you bomb the shit out of it until it rolls over.

That is, in reality, the only rationale for these immense structures.  And the beauty of it is that you can threaten most of the planet and that you do not depend on allies agreeing to your mission.  So, we can say that US and other western aircraft carriers are a long range power projection capability to be used against weak and poorly defended countries.

Why weak and poorly defended only?

Image result for RUSSIAN battle fleet

Here is the ugly secret that everybody knows: aircraft carriers cannot be defended against a sophisticated enemy.  Had the Cold War turned hot, the Soviets would have simultaneously attacked any US carrier in the north Atlantic with a combo of

  • Air launched cruise missiles
  • Submarine launched cruise missiles
  • Surface ship launched cruise missiles
  • Submarine launcher torpedoes

I cannot prove the following, but I can just testify that I had plenty of friends in the US military, including some  who served on US aircraft carriers, and they all understood that US carriers would never survive a Soviet saturation attack and that in case of a real war they would have been kept away from the Soviet shores.

I will only add here that the Chinese apparently have developed specialized ballistic missiles designed to destroy carrier battle groups.   That was then, in the early 1990s.  Nowadays even countries like Iran are beginning to develop capabilities to engage and successfully destroy US carriers.

The Soviets never built any real aircraft carriers.  What they had were *cruisers* with a very limited amount of vertically launched aircraft and, of course, helicopters.  These cruisers had two main purposes: to extend the reach of the Soviet air defenses and to support a landing of a force from the sea.

One very special feature of these aircraft carrying Soviet cruisers is that they had very large (4,5-7 tons) cruise missiles designed to strike at a high-value enemy ships, including US aircraft carrier.  You can read up on the “Kiev-class” aircraft carrying cruiser.

Another key characteristic of these Soviet aircraft-carrying cruisers is that they carried a rather lame aircraft, the Yak-38 which was plagued by problems and would have been a very easy target for US F-14. F-15, F-16 or F-18.  For that reason, the Kiev-class air-defenses were centered on its surface-to-air missiles and not on its complement of aircraft.

By time the Kuznetsov was built, the Soviet had developed aircraft which were at least equal, if not superior, to their western counterparts: the MiG-29 and, especially, the SU-27.  And that gave some of them the idea to build a “real” aircraft carrier.

The decision to built the Kuznetsov was an extremely controversial one which faced a lot of opposition.  The Kuznetsov’s “selling points” were that she was a much superior air defense platform, that she could carry vastly superior aircraft and, last but not least, that she could compete for prestige with the US heavy aircraft carriers, especially the planned but never built nuclear-powered follow-on generation.

I find that argument wholly unconvincing and nowadays I am pretty confident that most Russian naval force planners would agree with me: Russia does not need US-style aircraft carriers and if she needs any aircraft carriers at all, then they would have to be designed around a *Russian* mission requirement and not just to copy the Americans.

[Sidebar: I would love to get on my favorite soapbox and tell you all the bad things I think about aircraft carriers in general and why I think that the Russian Navy should be submarine and frigate centered, but this would take up too much space.  I will just say that I much rather have many frigates or corvettes than a few heavy cruisers].

So the Kuznetsov ended up being a mega-compromise and, as compromises go, a pretty good one.  Think of it: even though the Kuznetsov packs 12 massive Granit anti-ship missiles, it has, at least potentially, a complement of aircraft bigger than the French Charles de Gaulle (50 vs 40).

Initially, the Kuznetsov carried 12 pure air to air SU-33, but now these will be gradually replaced with 20 much more modern MiG-29K and its 24 Ka-27 helicopters will be replaced by the most advanced reconnaissance and attack helicopter on the planet, the Ka-52K. The Kuznetsov still has two major weaknesses: a frankly dated propulsion (see the Mercouris article) and a lack of on-board AWACs aircraft.

The latter is a direct consequence of the design philosophy of the Kuznetsov which was never designed to operate much beyond 500-1000km from the Russian border (again, the crucial roughly under 1000km Russian force planning philosophy).

To sum this all up: the Kuznetsov is a fine aircraft carrier which nevertheless reflects a compromise design philosophy and which was never intended to project Russian power at long distances the way western, especially US, carriers have.

Now let’s turn to the rest of this Russian naval task force

Image result for RUSSIAN battle fleet

The rest of the Russian naval task force around the Kuznetsov

One big name immediately stands out: the Heavy Nuclear Rocket Cruiser Peter the Great.

This is one heavy beast and currently the most heavily armed ship on the planet.  I won’t even go into all the details here, check this article for a list of armaments if you are interested, suffice to say here that this battlecruiser can do everything: anti-air, anti-ship, anti-submarine.

She is packed with top of the line sensors and advanced communications.  Being the flagship of the Northern Fleet she is also the de-facto flagship of the entire Russian Navy.

Last, but not least, the Peter the Great carries a formidable array of 20 Granit anti-ship missile.  Please note that the combined firepower of Granit anti-ship missiles of the Kuznetsov and Peter the Great is 12+20 for a total of 32.  I will explain why this important below.

The rest of the task force is composed of two Large Antisubmarine Ships (destroyers in western terminology), the Vice-Admiral Kulakov and the Severomorsk, and a number of support vessels.  The Kulakov and the Severomorsk are based on the Udaloy design and are modern and all-around capable combat ships.

All these ship will soon merge into one force, including two small missile ships (corvettes in western terminology) which carry the famous Kalibr cruise missiles and which specialize in attacking surface ships.

Finally, though this will not be advertised, I believe that this task force will include at least two Akula-class nuclear attack submarines, one Oscar-II cruise missile submarine (armed with another 12 Granit cruise missiles) and several Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines.

To sum this all up.

The Russian naval task force is a Russian attempt to bring together a number of ships which were never designed to operate as a single naval task force far away from Russia.  If you want, it is clever Russian “hack”.

I would argue that it is also a rather successful one as this task force as a whole is a very impressive one.  No, it cannot take on all of NATO or even the USN, but there are a number of things which it can do very effectively.

Now we can turn to the big question,

What can the Russian naval task force in Syria really do?

Before looking at the bigger picture, there is one detail which I think deserves to be mentioned here.  Just about every article I read about the Granit cruise missile says that it is an anti-ship cruise missile.  I also wrote that above in order to keep things simple.

But now I have to say that the Granit probably always had a “B” mode, “B” as in “beregovoy” or, if you prefer, “coastal” or “land” mode.  I don’t now whether this mode existed from day 1 or whether it was added later, but it is now certain that the Granit has had such a mode.

It was probably a fairly minimalistic capability, without fancy guidance and other tricks (which the Granit has in its main anti-ship mode), but the Russians have recently revealed that the upgraded Granits now have a *real* (“complex”) land attack capability.  And that requires a totally new look at what that means for this task force.  This is what we know about the new and improved Granit (which the Russians refer to as 3M45):

SakerGranit

The 7 ton Granit P-700 (3M45)

  • Mass: 7 tons
  • Speed: Mach 1,5-2
  • Range: 500-600km
  • Warhead: 750kg (conventional and nuclear capable)

The Granit is also capable of some very advance things, including having one missile flying at 500m or higher to detect the target and the rest of them skimming the surface while receiving the data from the high-flying one.  These missiles are also capable of automatically attacking from different directions to better overwhelm air defenses.  They can fly as low as 25m and as high as 17’000m.

What this all means is that these Granits missiles are very capable tactical-operational range missiles of their own right.  And considering that there are at the very least 32 such missiles in the Russian task force (46 if a Oscar-II class sub is also present), that means that this task force has a tactical missile firepower similar to an entire rocket brigade!

Should things go very wrong, this task force could not only seriously threaten any USN/NATO surface ship withing 500km of Syria, but also every single city or military base in this range.  I am rather surprised that the western fear-mongers missed this one because it ought to scare NATO pretty badly :-)

To be honest here, some specialists are expressing big doubts about the land-attack capabilities of the Granit.  Everybody knows that these are relatively old and very expensive missiles, but nobody knows how much effort was really put in their modernization.  But even if they are not nearly as capable as advertised, the fact that 32 to 46 of such missiles we be sitting just off the Syrian coast will be a formidable deterrent because nobody will never know what these missiles can do until they really do it.

Next,

 

The cImage result for RUSSIAN battle fleetombined capabilities of the Russian naval task force and the S-300/S-400 missiles deployed in Syria give the Russians a world-class air-defense capability.  If needed the Russians could even throw in A-50 AWACs from Russia protected by MiG-31BMs.  What most observers do not realize that is that SA-N-6 “Grumble” which forms the core of the air defenses of the Peter the Great is a S-300FM, the modernized naval variant of the S-300.

It is also capable of the amazing Mach 6 speed, has 150km range, an added infrared terminal capability, a track-via-missile guidance system which allows it to engage ballistic missiles and an altitude envelope of 27’000m.  And, guess what – the Peter the Great has 48 such missiles (in 20 launchers), roughly the equivalent of 12 S-300 batteries (assuming 4 launchers per battery).

One of the major weaknesses of the Russian deployment in Syria has been the relative low number of missiles the Russians could fire at any one time.  The US/NATO could simply saturate Russian defenses with large numbers of missiles.  Frankly, they can still do it, but this has now become much, much harder.

Can the Russians now stop a US attack on Syria?

Probably not.

But they can make it much harder and dramatically less effective.

First, as soon as the Americans fire, the Russians will see it and they will warn the Syrian and Russian armed forces.  Since the Russians will be able to track every US missile, they will be able to pass on the data to all the air defense crews who will be ready by the time the missiles arrive.  Furthermore, once the missiles get close, the Russians will be able to shoot down a lot of them, making necessary for the Americans to conduct battle damage assessment from space and then re-strike the same targets many times over.

Second, stealth or no stealth, I don’t believe that the USN or the USAF will risk flying into Russian controlled airspace or, if it does, this will be a short-lived experiment.  I believe that the Russian presence in Syria will make any attack on Syria a “missile only” attack.  Unless the Americans take down the Russian air defenses, which they could only if they want to start WWIII, US aircraft will have to stay outside the Syrian skies.

And that means that the Russians have basically made their own no-fly zone over Syria and that a US no-fly zone is now impossible to achieve.

Next, the Kuznetsov will be brining a number of fixed and rotary wing aircraft including 15-20 Ka-27 and Ka-52K helicopters, and 15-20 SU-33K and MiG-29K (I don’t think there has been an official figure announced).  What the Russians have said is that the fixed wing aircraft will be upgraded to be able to attack ground targets.  Will all that make a difference?

Maybe, on the margins.  It will definitely help dealing with the expected influx of moderate terrorists coming from Mosul (courtesy of the US operation to flush them down to Syria), but the Russians could have simply moved more SU-25 or even SU-34 to Khmeimin or Iran at a much smaller cost.  Thus in terms of its air-wing, I fully agree with Mercouris – this will be mainly a real-life training opportunity and not a game changer.

Conclusion

This deployment is highly uncharacteristic of what the Russians have been training for.  They have basically found a way to reinforce the Russian contingent in Syria, especially against Hillary’s “no fly zone” nightmare.  However, this is also case of making virtue out of necessity: the operation in Syria was always too far from the Russian border and the Russian force in Syria always to small for its task.

Furthermore, this deployment is not sustainable in the long term, and the Russians know it.  They have successfully imposed a “Yankee no fly zone” over Syria long enough for the Syrian to take Aleppo and for the Americans to vote for their next President.  After that, the situation will either get dramatically better (Trump) or dramatically worse (Hillary).  Either way, the new situation will require a completely different Russian strategy.

The Saker

PS: I am aware of the semi-official Russian announced plans to build a modern aircraft carrier, probably a nuclear one, with catapults and all.  For whatever it’s worth, I am very much opposed to this idea which I find wasteful and which does not fit the Russian defense doctrine.  The new generation of Russian subs (SSNs and SLBMs), however, gets my standing ovation.

 

According to Google:

 

  • 4.1 Aircraft carrier.
  • 4.2 Destroyers.
  • 4.3 Ballistic missile submarines.
  • 4.4 Nuclear attack submarines.
  • 4.5 Conventional attack submarines.
  • 4.6 Frigates.
  • 4.7 Corvettes.
  • 4.8 Patrol ships.

Not sure how the .? is calculated but here is what I know

This List of active Russian Navy ships presents a picture which can never be fully agreed upon in the absence of greater data availability and a consistent standard for which ships are considered operational or not. The Soviet Navy, and the Russian Navy which inherited its traditions, had a different attitude to operational status than many Western navies. Ships went to sea less, and maintained capability for operations while staying in harbour. The significant changes which followed the collapse of the Soviet Union then complicated the picture enormously. Determining which ships are operational or in refit can be difficult. Jane’s Fighting Ships has noted in recent editions that some ships have little capability, but remain flying an ensign so that crews are entitled to be paid.

“There are large numbers of most classes ‘in reserve’, and flying an ensign so that skeleton crews may still be paid. [Their listing reflected] only those units assessed as having some realistic operational capability or some prospect of returning to service after refit.”

Fleets

Northern Fleet (NF)
Pacific Fleet (PF)
Black Sea Fleet (BSF)
Baltic Fleet (BF)
Caspian Flotilla (CF)

Ships in service

  • 1 Aircraft carrier
  • 1 Battlecruiser
  • 3 Cruisers
  • 15 Destroyers
  • 6 Frigates
  • 81 Corvettes
  • 19 Landing ship tanks (LST)
  • 32 Landing craft
  • 14 Special-purpose ships
  • 24 Patrol boats
  • 45 Mine countermeasures vessels
  • 13 Ballistic missile submarines (SSBN)
  • 7 Cruise missile submarines (SSGN)
  • 18 Attack submarines (SSN)
  • 23 Attack submarines (SSK)
  • 2 Special-purpose submarine

Aircraft carriers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kuznetsov11435Admiral Kuznetsov063199058,600 tNorthern Fleet

Battlecruisers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kirov11442Pyotr Velikiy099199828,000 tNorthern Fleet

Cruisers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Slava1164Moskva121198212,500 tBlack Sea Fleet
1164Marshal Ustinov070198612,500 tNorthern Fleet
1164Varyag011198912,500 tPacific Fleet

Destroyers

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kashin01090Smetlivyy81019694,390 tBlack Sea Fleet
Udaloy1155Vice-Amiral Kulakov62619827,570 tNorthern Fleet
1155Maral Shaposhnikov54319857,570 tPacific Fleet
1155Admiral Tributs56419857,570 tPacific Fleet
1155Seveomorsk61919877,570 tNorthern Fleet
1155Admiral Vinogradov57219887,570 tPacific Fleet
1155Admiral Levchenko60519887,570 tNorthern Fleet
1155Admiral Kharlamov61919887,570 tNorthern Fleet
1155Adiral Panteleyev54819917,570 tPacific Fleet
11551Admiral Chabanenko65019997,570 tNorthern Fleet
Sovremennyy956Bystryy71519897,940 tPacific Fleet
956Gremyashchiy40619917,940 tNorthern Fleet
956Bespokoynyy62019927,940 tBaltic Fleet
956Nastoychivyy61019937,940 tBaltic Fleet
956Admiral Ushakov43419947,940 tNorthern Fleet

Frigates

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Krivak1135Ladyy80119803,575 tBlack Sea Fleet
1135MPytlivyy80819813,575 tBlack Sea Fleet
Neustrashimyy1154Neustrashimyy71219904,400 tBaltic Fleet
1154Yaroslav Mudryy77720094,400 tBaltic Fleet
Admiral Grigorovich1135.6MAdmiral Grigorovich74520164,035 tBlack Sea Fleet
1135.6MAdmiral Essen75120164,035 tBlack Sea Fleet

Corvettes

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Grisha1124Aleksandrovets0591982990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124Kholmsk3691985990 tPacific Fleet
1124MMuromets0641982990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124MSuzdalts0711983990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124MKasimov0551986990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124MMPK-2213541987990 tPacific Fleet
1124MBrest1991988990 tNorthern Fleet
1124MPovorino0531989990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124MKoryeyets3901989990 tPacific Fleet
1124MEysk0541989990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1124MYunga1131989990 tNorthern Fleet
1124MNaryan-Mar1381990990 tNorthern Fleet
1124MSovetskaya Gavan3501990990 tPacific Fleet
1124MMPK-1073321990990 tPacific Fleet
1124MOnga1641990990 tNorthern Fleet
1124MMetel3231990990 tPacific Fleet
1124MMPK823751991990 tPacific Fleet
1124MUst-Ilimsk3621991990 tPacific Fleet
1124MMonchegorsk1901993990 tNorthern Fleet
1124MSnezhnogorsk1961994990 tNorthern Fleet
Nanuchka12341htil6201978660 tBlack Sea Fleet
12341Aysberg5351979660 tNorthern Fleet
12341Smerch4231984660 tPacific Fleet
12341Mirazh6171986660 tBlack Sea Fleet
12341Iney4181987660 tPacific Fleet
12341Rassvet5201988660 tNorthern Fleet
12341Zyb5601989660 tBaltic Fleet
12341Geyzer5551989660 tBaltic Fleet
12341Moroz4091989660 tPacific Fleet
12341Passat5701990660 tBaltic Fleet
12341Liven5511991660 tBaltic Fleet
12341Razliv4501991660 tPacific Fleet
12347Nakat5261987660 tNorthern Fleet
Tarantul12411TR-799951984540 tPacific Fleet
12411TStupinets (ex R-101)7051985540 tCaspian Flotilla
12411TKuznetsk (ex R-129)8521985540 tBaltic Fleet
12411TR-2578331986540 tBaltic Fleet
12411R-478191987540 tBaltic Fleet
12411Burya (ex R-60)9551987540 tBlack Sea Fleet
12411Gomel (ex R-160)0541988540 tCaspian Flotilla
12411R-2619911988540 tPacific Fleet
12411Zarechnyy (ex R-187)8551989540 tBaltic Fleet
12411Groza (ex R-239)9531989540 tBlack Sea Fleet
12411Ivanovets (ex R-334)9541989540 tBlack Sea Fleet
12411r-979511990540 tPacific Fleet
12411R-1099521990540 tBlack Sea Fleet
12411R-2989711990540 tPacific Fleet
12411Dimitrovgrad (ex R-291)8251991540 tBaltic Fleet
12411R-119401991540 tPacific Fleet
12411R-149241991540 tPacific Fleet
12411Moshansk (ex R-293)8741992540 tBaltic Fleet
12411R-189371992540 tPacific Fleet
12411R-199781992540 tPacific Fleet
12411R-209211993540 tPacific Fleet
12411R-249461994540 tPacific Fleet
12411Chuvashiya (ex R-2)8702000540 tBaltic Fleet
12411299162003540 tPacific Fleet
12417R-719621985540 tBlack Sea Fleet
Parchim1331MMPK-1923041986950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MKazanets3111986950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MZelenodolsk3081987950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MMPK-1052451988950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MAleksin2181989950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MMPK-2272431989950 tBaltic Fleet
1331MKalmkiya2321990950 tBaltic Fleet
Bora1239bora61519891,050 tBlack Sea Fleet
1239Samum61620001,050 tBlack Sea Fleet
Gepad11661KTatarstan69120031,930 tCaspian Flotilla
11661KDagestan69320121,930 tCaspian Flotilla
Buyan21630Astrakhan0122006500 tCaspian Flotilla
21630Volgonsk1612012500 tCaspian Flotilla
21630Makhachkala1622012500 tCaspian Flotilla
Buyan-M21631Grad Sviyazhsk0212014949 tCaspian Flotilla
21631Uglich0222014949 tCaspian Flotilla
21631Velikiy Ustug0232014949 tCaspian Flotilla
21631Zelenyy Dol6022015949 tBlack Sea Fleet
21631Serpukhov6032015949 tBlack Sea Fleet
Steregushchy20380Steregushchiy53020082,200 tBaltic Fleet
20380Soobrazitelnyy53120112,200 tBaltic Fleet
20380Boykiy53220132,200 tBaltic Fleet
20380Stoykiy54520142,200 tBaltic Fleet

Landing ships

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Alligaor1171Saratov15019664,700 tBlack Sea Fleet
1171Orsk14819684,700 tBlack Sea Fleet
1171Nikolay Vilkov08119744,700 tPacific Fleet
1171Nikolay Filchenkov15219754,700 tBlack Sea Fleet
Ropucha775Olenegorskiy Gornyak01219764,080 tNorthern Fleet
775Kondopoga02719764,080 tNorthern Fleet
775Aleksandr Otrakovskiy03119784,080 tNorthern Fleet
775Oslyabya06619814,080 tPacific Fleet
775BDK-9805519824,080 tPacific Fleet
775Minsk12719834,080 tBaltic Fleet
775Kaliningrad10219844,080 tBaltic Fleet
775Georgiy Pobedonosets01619854,080 tNorthern Fleet
775Aleksandr Shabalin11019854,080 tBaltic Fleet
775Tsezar Kunikov15819864,080 tBlack Sea Fleet
775Novocherkassk14219874,080 tBlack Sea Fleet
775Yamal15619884,080 tBlack Sea Fleet
775MAzov15119904,080 tBlack Sea Fleet
775MPeresvet07719914,080 tPacific Fleet
775MKorolev13019914,080 tBlack Sea Fleet

Landing craft

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Zubr12322Evgeniy Kocheshkov7701990555 tBaltic Fleet
12322Mordoviya7821991555 tBaltic Fleet
Serna11770D-67199499 tBaltic Fleet
11770D-156199999 tCaspian Flotilla
11770D-131200299 tCaspian Flotilla
11770D-56200599 tCaspian Flotilla
11770D-172200599 tCaspian Flotilla
11770D-144200899 tBlack Sea Fleet
11770D-1441200999 tBaltic Fleet
11770D-1442200999 tBaltic Fleet
11770D107201099 tPacific Fleet
11770201399 tCaspian Flotilla
11770201399 tCaspian Flotilla
11770D-199201499 tBlack Sea Fleet
Dyugon21820Ataman Platov2009280 tCaspian Flotilla
21820Ivan Kartsov2014280 tPacific Fleet
21820Denis Davydov2014280 tBaltic Fleet
21820Leytenant Rimskiy2015280 tBaltic Fleet
21820Michman Lermontov2015280 tBaltic Fleet
Ondatra1176D-704198090 tPacific Fleet
1176D-70198190 tPacific Fleet
1176D-464198590 tNorthern Fleet
1176D-465198690 tBaltic Fleet
1176D-295198990 tBlack Sea Fleet
1176D-325199190 tBaltic Fleet
1176D-148199390 tNorthern Fleet
1176D-365199490 tBaltic Fleet
1176D-182199690 tNorthern Fleet
1176D-185200090 tCaspian Flotilla
1176D-186200590 tNorthern Fleet
1176D-57200790 tPacific Fleet
1176D-106200790 tBlack Sea Fleet

Special-purpose ships

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Moma861MKil’din19791,560 tBlack Sea Fleet
861MEkvator19801,560 tBlack Sea Fleet
861MLiman19821,560 tBlack Sea Fleet
Vishnya864Fedor Golovin52019853,470 tBaltic Fleet
864Kurily20819863,470 tNorthern Fleet
864Tavriya16919863,470 tPacific Fleet
864Kareliya53519863,470 tPacific Fleet
864Priazovye20119873,470 tBlack Sea Fleet
864Viktor Leonov17519883,470 tNorthern Fleet
864Vasiliy Tatishchev23119883,470 tNorthern Fleet
Balzam1826PribaltikaSSV-8019884,900 tPacific Fleet
Marshal Nedelin1914Marshal Krylov199023,780 tPacific Fleet
22010Yantar20135,200 tNorthern Fleet
Yuriy Ivanov18280Yuriy Ivanov20154,000 tNorthern Fleet

Patrol boats

ClassProjectShipPennant no.Commissioned
Raptor03160P-274201560 tBlack Sea Fleet
03160P-275201560 tBlack Sea Fleet
03160P-276201560 tBlack Sea Fleet
03160P-281201560 tBaltic Fleet
03160P-271201560 tBaltic Fleet
03160P-282201560 tBlack Sea Fleet
03160P-28201560 tBlack Sea Fleet
03160P-???201660 tCaspian Flotilla
BK-1602510D-296201535 tBlack Sea Fleet
02510D-297201535 tBlack Sea Fleet
Shmel1204Ak-209045198277 tCaspian Flotilla
1204Ak-223047198277 tCaspian Flotilla
1204Al-201042198377 tCaspian Flotilla
1204Ak-248044198377 tCaspian Flotilla

Mine countermeasures

ClassProjectShipPennant no.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Natya266 and 02668Approx. 11 in service1970—2009873 t
Sonya1265Approx. 23 in service1971—1991450 t
Gorya1266Approx. 2 in service1988—19941,100 t
Lida10750Approx. 9 in service1989—1996135 t

Ballistic missile submarines (SSBN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Delta III667BDRPodolsk197913,700 tPacific Fleet
667BDRSvyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets198013,700 tPacific Fleet
667BDRRyazan198213,700 tPacific Fleet
Typhoon941UMDmitriy Donskoy198148,000 tNorthern Fleet
Delta IV667BDRMVerkhoturye198418,200 tNorthern Fleet
667BDRMEkaterinburg198518,200 tNorthern Fleet
667BDRMTula198718,200 tNorthern Fleet
667BDRMBryansk198818,200 tNorthern Fleet
667BDRMKarelia198918,200 tNorthern Fleet
667BDRMNovomoskovsk199018,200 tNorthern Fleet
Borei955Yuriy Dolgorukiy201324,000 tNorthern Fleet
955Aleksandr Nevskiy201324,000 tPacific Fleet
955Vladimir Monomakh201424,000 tPacific Fleet

Cruise missile submarines (SSGN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Oscar II949AVoronezh198919,400 tNorthern Fleet
949ASmolensk199019,400 tNorthern Fleet
949AChelyabinsk199019,400 tPacific Fleet
949AOrel199219,400 tNorthern Fleet
949AVilyuchinsk199219,400 tPacific Fleet
949AOmsk199319,400 tPacific Fleet
949ATomsk199619,400 tPacific Fleet

Attack submarines (SSN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Sierra I945Kostroma19878,300 tNorthern Fleet
Sierra II945APskov19909,100 tNorthern Fleet
945ANizhniy Novgorod19939,100 tNorthern Fleet
Victor III671RTMKPetrozavodsk19887,250 tNorthern Fleet
671RTMKObninsk19907,250 tNorthern Fleet
671RTMKDaniil Moskovskiy19907,250 tNorthern Fleet
671RTMKTambov19927,250 tNorthern Fleet
Akula971Bratsk198912,770 tPacific Fleet
971Pantera199012,770 tNorthern Fleet
971Magadan199012,770 tPacific Fleet
971IKuzbass199212,770 tPacific Fleet
971IVolk199212,770 tNorthern Fleet
971ILeopard199312,770 tNorthern Fleet
971ITigr199412,770 tNorthern Fleet
971USamara199513,400 tPacific Fleet
971UVepr199613,400 tNorthern Fleet
971MGepard200013,800 tNorthern Fleet
Yasen885Severodinsk201413,800 tNorthern Fleet

Conventional Attack submarines (SSK)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kilo877Chita19813,000 tPacific Fleet
877Vyborg19823,000 tBaltic Fleet
877Vologda19843,000 tNorthern Fleet
877Svyatoy Nikolay Chudotvorets19883,000 tPacific Fleet
877Yaroslavl19883,000 tNorthern Fleet
877B-39419883,000 tPacific Fleet
877Ust’-Kamchatsk19903,000 tPacific Fleet
877Vladikavkaz19903,000 tNorthern Fleet
877Magnitogorsk19903,000 tNorthern Fleet
877Ust´-Bolsheretsk19903,000 tPacific Fleet
877Lipetsk19913,000 tNorthern Fleet
877Komsomolsk-na-Amure19913,000 tPacific Fleet
877Krasnokamensk19923,000 tPacific Fleet
877Mogocha19943,000 tPacific Fleet
877EKMDmitrov19863,000 tBaltic Fleet
877LPMBKaluga19893,000 tNorthern Fleet
877VAlrosa19903,000 tBlack Sea Fleet
Improved Kilo636.3Novorossiysk20143,950 tBlack Sea Fleet
636.3Rostov na Donu20143,950 tBlack Sea Fleet
636.3Staryy Oskol20153,950 tBlack Sea Fleet
636.3Krasnodar20153,950 tBlack Sea Fleet
636.3Veliky Novgorod20163,950tBlack Sea Fleet
Lada677Sankt Peterburg20102,700 tNorthern Fleet

Special-purpose submarines

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
ex Delta III09786Orenburg1981 (2002)18,200 tNorthern Fleet
Sarov20120Sarov20083,950 tNorthern Fleet

Auxiliaries


(summary)Ships in reserve

  • 3 Battlecruisers
  • 1 Cruiser
  • 3 Destroyers
  • 2 Corvettes
  • 2 Landing ship tanks (LST)
  • 2 Ballistic missile submarines (SSBN)
  • 1 Cruise missile submarine (SSGN)
  • 3 Attack submarines (SSN)
  • 3 Attack submarines (SSK)
  • 1 Special-purpose submarine

R: battlecruisers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kirov11442Admiral Ushakov065198028,000 tNorthern Fleet
11442Admiral Lazarev050198428,000 tPacific Fleet
11442Admiral Nakhimov085198828,000 tNorthern Fleet

R: cruisers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Kara1134BKerch71319749,700 tBlack Sea Fleet

R: destroyers

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Sovremenny956Boevoy72019867,940 tPacific Fleet
956Burnyy77819887,940 tPacific Fleet
956Bezboyaznenny75419907,940 tPacific Fleet

R: corvettes

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Grisha1124MPK-1783191984980 tPacific Fleet
1124MMPK-1131711988980 tNorthern Fleet

R: landing ships

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Ivan Rogov1174Aleksandr Nikolayev198214,060 tNorthern Fleet
1174Mitrofan Moskalenko199014,060 tPacific Fleet

R: special-purpose ships

ClassProjectShipPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Balzam1826BelomoreSSV-57119874,900 tNorthern Fleet

R: ballistic missile submarines (SSBN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Typhoon941Arkhangelsk198748,000 tNorthern Fleet
941Severstal198948,000 tNorthern Fleet

R: cruise missile submarines (SSGN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Oscar II949AIrkutsk198819,400 tPacific Fleet

R: attack submarines (SSN)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Sierra I945K-23919848,300 tNorthern Fleet
Akula971Kashalot198812,770 tPacific Fleet
971INerpa201013,400 tPacific Fleet

R: attack submarines (SSK)

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
Tango641BSvyatoy Knyaz Georgiy19823,800 tBlack Sea Fleet
Kilo877B-40119843,000 tNorthern Fleet

R: special-purpose submarines

ClassProjectBoatPennant No.CommissionedDisplacementFleet
ex Delta IV09787Podmoskovye198618,200 tNorthern Fleet

Ships planned or under construction

Aircraft carrier

ClassSide viewPennant numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCF
Project ‘Shtorm’Model aircraft carrier project 23000E at the «Army 2015» 1.JPGNo.12018

Destroyers

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project LiderMock Leader class destroyer on «Army 2015» 1.JPGNo.12017planned
No.2planned
No.3planned
No.4planned
No.5planned
No.6planned
No.7planned
No.8planned
No.9planned
No.10planned
No.11planned
No.12planned

Ballistic missile submarines

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 955A
Borey II
TBDK-??? Knyaz Vladimir30 July 2012March 2017End 2018Under construction. The first of Project 955-A Borey-II class. According to some sources will carry 20 SLBMs.
K-??? Knyaz Oleg27 July 2014December 2018December 2019Under construction.
K-??? Generalissimus Suvorov26 December 2014December 2018December 2020Under construction.
K-??? Imperator Aleksandr III18 December 2015December 2019December 2020Under construction.
K-??? Knyaz PozharskiyDecember 2016 est.February 2020November 2021Ordered
No.9Planned
No.10Planned

Nuclear attack submarines

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 885M
Yasen II
TBDK-561 Kazan24 July 20092016December 2017In March 2016 the readiness of the submarine is 67.5%
K-573 Novosibirsk26 July 2013December 2018December 2019In March 2016 the readiness of the submarine is 35.5%
K-571 Krasnoyarsk27 July 2014December 2018December 2020
K-??? Arkhangelsk19 March 2015December 2019December 2021
K-??? Perm29 July 2016December 2020December 2022
No.7July 2017December 2021December 2023planned
No.8planned
No.9planned
No.10planned

Conventional attack submarines

In State Arms Program 2011-2020 is planned to build up to 20 submarines

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 06363
Improved Kilo
TBDB-??? Kolpino30 October 201431 May 2016X
 ???XOrdered
 ???XOrdered
 ???XOrdered
 ???XOrdered
 ???XOrdered
 ???XOrdered
Project 677
(Updated)
Lada
Lada-class submarineB-586 Kronshtadt28 July 2005end 20152016Project corrected, the construction continues
B-587 Velikie Luki(ex. Sevastopol)10 November 2006 / renaming – 19 March 20152017After suspension of project, construction resumed. Number of updated Project still unknown
4planned
No.5planned
No.6planned

Frigates

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 11356
Grigorovich
 ???Admiral Makarov29.02.201202.09.20152016X
 ???Admiral Butakov13.07.201305.03.20162020XLaunched. Completion of post-delivery engines.
Admiral Istomin15.11.20132021Completion of post-delivery engines
Admiral Kornilov2021Constructed without official laying down. Completion of post-delivery engines.
Project 22350
Gorshkov
Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate.jpg417Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov01.02.200629.10.20102015X
 ???Admiral Flota Kasatonov26.11.200912.12.20142017X
 ???Admiral Golovko01.02.20122016X
 ???Admiral Isakov14.11.20132019X
No.5Ordered
No.6Ordered
No.7Planned
No.8Planned
No.9Planned
No.10Planned
No.11Planned
No.12Planned
No.13Planned
No.14Planned
No.15Planned
No.16Planned
No.17Planned
No.18Planned
No.19Planned
No.20Planned

Corvettes

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 22800
Karakut-class
Uragan-class ???Uragan24.12.20152017
 ???Tayfun24.12.20152018
 ???Shtorm10.05.20162018
 ???Shkval29.07.20162019
Project 20380
Steregushchy-class
TBD ???Sovrshennyy200622.5.20152015X
 ???Gromkiy20.4.20122015X
 ???Retivyy20.2.20152019
 ???Strogiy20.2.20152019
 ???Aldar Tsydenzhapov22.7.2015X
 ???Rezkiy1.07.2016X
Project 20385
Gremyashchiy
TBD ???Gremyashchiy1.2.20122017
 ???Provornyy25.7.2013
Project 21631
Buyan-M
Buyan-class
 ???Vyshniy Volochek29.5.201322.8.2016
 ???Orekhovo-Zuyevo29.5.2014
 ???Ingushetiya29.8.2014
 ???Grayvoron10.4.2015
 ???Ordered
 ???Ordered
 ???Ordered[184]

Patrol ships

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 23550
class
 ???2020
 ???2020
Project 22160
class
Project 22160 class corvette ???Vasiliy Bykov26.2.201420162017
 ???Dmitriy Rogachev25.7.201420172018
 ???Pavel Dergavin18.2.201620182019Ordered
 ???Sergey Kotov8.5.20162019Ordered
 ???2019Ordered
 ???2020Ordered

Minesweepers

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 12700
Aleksandrit
TBD ???Aleksandrit22.9.201127.6.20142016
Georgiy Kurbatov24 April 2015
No. 3May 2016began construction[192]
No. 430.08.2016
No. 5Planned
No. 6Planned
No. 7Planned
No. 8Planned

Landing ships

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 11771
Ivan Gren
135Ivan Gren200418.5.20122015X
Petr Morgunov20152018began construction in October 2014
No. 3Planned
No. 4Planned
No. 5Planned
No. 6Planned

Special-purpose ships

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCF
Project 22010
Yantar
 ???Almaz9 Juny 2016
Project 18280
Yuriy Ivanov
 ???Ivan Khurs17 November 2013End 2016

Special purpose submarines

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCFNote
Project 949AM (???)TBDK-329 Belgorod1992Laid down as Project 949A cruise missile submarine. In 1997 work was suspended at 75% of completation. From 2004 to 2006 work continue on updated Project 949AM, then suspended on 85% of completation. In 2012 was announced continue of construction for special tasks. New project number is unknown

Auxiliary vessels

ClassSide viewHull numberNameLaid downLaunchedEstimated
Commission
NFPFBSFBFCF
Auxiliary diesel-electric icebreaker project 22180 ???Ilya Muromec23 April 201510 June 20162017
  • Project 03160 high-speed patrol boats – 10 ordered for the 2016-2018 period
  • Project 23130 medium sea tanker – 1 ordered
    •  ??? Akademic Pashin – laid down on 12 April 2014
  • Project 23131 universal sea tanker – 2 ordered
    • 301 … – Laid down on 26 December 2014
    • 302 … – Laid down on 26 December 2014
  • Project 23040 boat of comprehensive rescue – 16 ordered, 10 completed
  • Project 745MB seagoing tug – unknown number of ships ordered
    •  ??? MB-12 – Launched on 30 July 2011. Will be assigned to Northern fleet
  • Project 11982 trials ship – 2 planned
    •  ??? Ladoga – Laid down in summer 2013 for BF
    •  ??? Ilmen – Laid down 04.12.2014 for BSF
  • Project 20180 family, 5-6 ice-class ships planned for a variety of support functions
    • Project 20180 Zvezdochka (“Star”) – multi-purpose support ship and rescue tugboat delivered in 2010
    • Project 20181 (20180TV) Akademik Kovalyov – ammunition ship, stretched version of 20180, laid down 20.11.2011 and commissioned on 18 December 2015
    • Project 20183 Akademik Alexandrov – rescue tugboat, laid down on 20 December 2012.
    • Project 20183TV Akademik Makeyev – ammunition ship, laid down in 2015
  • Project 21300 ocean-going salvage ship
    •  ??? Igor Belousov – Laid down 24.12.2005, delivered in 25.12.2015
  • Project 03180 (BSA-1000) multipurpose harbour ship – 4 ordered
    • No.1 –launched 25 dec. 2012, will be commissioned in 2013
    • No.2 – launched 14 June 2013
    • No.3 – Launched Spring 2014 for BSF
    • VTK-74 – Launched 5 September 2014 for BF
  • Project 90600 harbour tug – 3 ordered
    • RB-391 – Laid down 9.6.2012
  • Project 16609 harbour tug – 4 ordered
    • No.3 – planned to delivery in May 2013
    • No.4 – planned to delivery in May 2013
  • Project 02980 sea tug – 4 ordered, 2 delivered
    • MB-121 – launched 25 Oct. 2014, delivered August 2016
    • MB-123 – delivered August 2016
    • Dervish- laid down
    • No.4 – planned
  • Project 23470 big sea tug – 2 ordered
    • Sergey Balk – laid down 30 October 2014 for BSF
    • Andrey Stepanov – will be laid down on 2015 for PF
  • Project PE-65 tug – 1 ordered
  • Project 23370 and 23370M rescue boats – 12 completed, 3 ordered
  • Project 23120 Elbrus – Ice-way logistic vessel – 3 ordered
    • Elbrus – Laid down on 14 November 2012 and planned to be commissioned in Nov 2014
    • MB-75 – Laid down on 19 December 2013 and planned to be commissioned in Dec 2015
    • Kapitan Shevchenko –Laid down on 24 July 2014 and planned to be commissioned in July 2016
  • Project 02690 self-propelled floating crane -12 ordered
    • 904 – laid down on 30 May 2014
    • 905 – laid down on 30 May 2014
    • 908 – laid down on 28 November 2014

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